2017 Fiscal Year State Budget, NC Budget and Tax Center

Initial review of Governor’s modest public safety budget

Safe communities and efficient courts contribute to a quality of life in local communities that is attractive for raising a family and operating a business. Revisions to the Governor’s modest budget for Justice and Public Safety largely consist of funding for pay increases for state employees, in which the majority of these dollars represent one-time bonus payments, with modest investments in other areas of the budget.

Here are key items in the Justice & Public Safety budget.

Judicial Branch

  • Funding provided for discretionary one-time bonuses, maximum $3,000, to selected state employees ($9.9 million).
  • Funding provided for permanent experience-based pay raises for clerks and magistrates, and market-based salary adjustment for assistant district attorneys ($7.4 million).
  • Transfers dollars from Department of Health and Human Services for specialty courts that serve special populations such as individuals with mental health and substance abuse issues ($2.5 million).

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2017 Fiscal Year State Budget, NC Budget and Tax Center

Initial review of Governor’s higher ed budgets that fail to ensure affordable higher education

Here are key highlights from Gov. McCrory’s proposed higher education budgets.

Community College System

Consists of 58 community colleges across the state serving all of North Carolina’s 100 counties.

The community college budget follows a larger trend of failing to boost public investment in the state’s education pipeline, with the exception of some additional funding for one-time bonuses, equipment upgrades, and a locally-driven initiative to promote post-secondary success. After years of steady increases in tuition, the proposed budget does not reverse this trend, failing to make post-secondary training and education at community colleges more affordable.

  • Funding provided for discretionary one-time bonuses, maximum $3,000, to selected state employees at NC community colleges ($29.4 million).
  • Savings recognized due to decline in enrollment ($26.2 million).
  • Funding provided for locally-determined support services to help ensure students earn a credential or degree ($16.6 million).
  • One-time funding provided to upgrade and maintain instructional equipment at NC community colleges ($7.5 million).

UNC System

Consists of 16 four-year public universities across the state serving more than 220,000 students, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics. Read more

2017 Fiscal Year State Budget, NC Budget and Tax Center

Initial review of Governor’s K-12 education budget: Falls short of ensuring public schools have adequate resources

Gov. McCrory’s proposed revised budget for K-12 education for the upcoming fiscal year maintains the status quo for public investments in public schools. Under the Governor’s budget, state funding per student remains well below pre-recession spending when adjusted for inflation and schools will continue to be hurting for resources.*

Teacher pay is just one thing on a long list that needs to be addressed so that public schools are able to deliver a top-notch education to all students. And while additional funding for pay increases for educators is much welcomed, this increase is largely delivered as one-time bonuses. As the only major component of the Governor’s education budget that is possible under the tax-cut constrained reality, it leaves far more needed to ensure every child’s access to a quality education.

Consequently, the Governor’s proposed budget once again challenges schools to do more with fewer resources and support despite heightened expectations regarding student achievement.

Here are key items in the K-12 education budget. Read more

NC Budget and Tax Center

State leaders need to know: Cash-strapped N.C. homeowners do exist

Simply saying something doesn’t exist doesn’t create a new reality. The Senate Finance Committee voted in favor of a bill yesterday that includes a provision that will continue to require cash-strapped homeowners to pay state income tax on mortgage debt forgiven by lenders, even though no cash is provided to the homeowner. State leaders pushed through this tax change last year and plan to keep it in place this year.

In rejecting a request by Sen. Ford, who represents Mecklenburg, to exclude the provision from the bill, committee co-chairman Sen. Rucho, who also represents Mecklenburg, stated that he had not heard of any North Carolinian benefiting from the tax provision. He made the same assertion last year when making his case for targeting cash-strapped homeowners.

Could it truly be the case that the massive and pervasive mortgage fraud committed by financial entities that ushered in the disastrous national economic downturn bypassed North Carolina? The simple answer is no. In the wake of the crisis, a number of financial institutions agreed to settlements that provide consumer relief to affected homeowners with unaffordable mortgages, which include reducing the amount of principal debt owed on mortgages to make them more affordable. SunTrust Mortgage, for example, agreed to provide as much as $21 million in relief to North Carolina homeowners in a national settlement. The General Assembly’s Fiscal Research Division estimates that requiring cash-strapped homeowners to pay state income tax on mortgage debt forgiven by lenders will generate $8 million in revenue for this fiscal year – an indication that North Carolina homeowners who may be eligible to receive such mortgage relief exist.

Yet state leaders continue to adopt this out of sight, out of mind thinking that was on display yesterday. To the contrary, they expend the necessary energy and effort to push through tax cuts that largely benefit the wealthy and profitable corporations at the expense of hardworking North Carolinians who struggle to make ends meet. This effort to once again target cash-strapped homeowners is yet another example of the disconnect between rhetoric and actual policy decisions by state leaders.

NC Budget and Tax Center

A disconnect between Governor’s guiding principles and policy decisions

Helping those who can’t help themselves and preparing North Carolina for continued growth: These are two of the guiding principles that Gov. McCrory said were behind his proposed budget for the fiscal year that begins in July and that will be released this week. However, these two stated principles in particular, on a list of many, highlight a disconnect between rhetoric and actual policy decisions enacted in recent years.

The Governor made a case for how his proposed budget meets these two particular principles by highlighting the $2 billion infrastructure bond that North Carolina voters passed earlier this year in March. The Governor’s proposal also includes about $36.3 million additional dollars for mental health and substance abuse treatment, health services for individuals with Alzheimer’s, and developmental disabilities services. These proposed public investments are positive steps, yet fall far short of meeting the needs of a growing state.

Here are just a few examples of decisions made by the Governor and state leaders in recent years that do not align with the Governor’s “guiding principles.” Read more