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love is loveAs this post on SCOTUSblog reminds us, same-sex marriage cases are now pending in five federal appeals courts, including one in the Fourth Circuit, Bostic v. Schaefer, which was argued in Richmond in May.

How the three-judge panel will rule in Bostic, which deals with Virginia’s same sex marriage law, is not clear cut, according to court-watchers.  From the argument, Judge Roger L. Gregory is apparently leaning toward opposing the ban, with Judge  Paul V. Niemeyer supporting the ban and Judge Henry F. Floyd wavering in the middle.

A ruling in that case, though, may be binding on similar cases in North Carolina, including Fisher-Borne v. Smith and Gerber v. Cooper, both pending in federal court in Winston-Salem,  General Synod v. Cooper, pending in federal court in Charlotte, and McCrory v. North Carolina, pending in federal court in Asheville.

For that reason, magistrate judges in three of the cases have stayed proceedings until a decision is rendered in Bostic and are considering a stay in the fourth (General Synod).

But plaintiffs in Fisher-Borne and Gerber are not waiting patiently for that ruling, saying they have waited long enough. In each of those cases, certain plaintiffs have asked the court to block enforcement of the state’s ban so that their marriages can be recognized and the couples can gain the rights afforded other married couples.

For example, in Fisher-Borne, a couple with a son who has cerebral palsy are unable to get the medical care he needs because state law does not recognize the partner with more comprehensive health insurance as his parent.

In Gerber, plaintiffs with serious illnesses in advanced stages have spouses and in one case a child who will be unable to receive benefits typically afforded spouses and children should those plaintiffs die.

As they argue in their brief to the court:

While this case is stalled, Ms. Mejia cannot establish a legal relationship with her son. Each day, J.G.-M. misses out on the benefits that would be conferred to him as Ms. Mejia‘s legal child, and each Plaintiff continues to suffer from the stigma and indignities that result from the North Carolina‘ ban on same-sex marriage. The need for recognition of their marriages is all the more pressing in light of Plaintiffs‘ circumstances. Dr. Berlin is 89 years old and suffers from complex seizures and blood clots that cannot be treated. Ms. Blackburn is 66 years old and has Stage IV cancer. Ms. Mejia, a war veteran, suffers from cancer and currently lives with significant lung damage and a replacement liver that requires her to take immunosuppressive drugs. In light of their ages and medical conditions, Dr. Berlin, Ms. Gerber, and Ms. Mejia each have a substantial fear that she might pass away before her marriage is recognized by North Carolina, depriving her forever of the dignity and social recognition that state recognition affords. If Ms. Mejia passes away, J.G.-M. would also be deprived of the important benefits that flow to children, particularly to children of veterans, by virtue of legal parentage. Each Plaintiff also fears—based on experience—that her right to care for her spouse in medical emergencies will be denied because North Carolina refuses to recognize their marriage.

 

Southern EqaulityBreaking new ground in the battle against state bans on same-sex marriage, clergy from several denominations across the state joined with six same-sex couples today in filing a lawsuit in federal court in Charlotte, challenging the constitutionality of marriage laws in North Carolina on both First and Fourteenth Amendment grounds.

In General Synod of the United Church of Christ vs. Cooper, the same-sex couples are seeking the freedom to marry and the clergy are seeking the religious freedom to perform wedding ceremonies for such couples.

According to the Campaign for Southern Equality, the case is the first of its kind of the 66 marriage equality cases pending in courts nationally to challenge marriage bans on 1st Amendment religious freedom grounds.

“In addition to bringing 14th Amendment claims under equal protection and due process, this lawsuit introduces a 1st Amendment claim that the marriage ban in North Carolina violates the right to the free exercise of religious beliefs by denominations, clergy, and congregants who believe that same-sex marriages are theologically valid and want to perform marriage ceremonies,”  Jake Sussman, a partner at Tin Fulton Walker & Owen and lead counsel in the case said in a statement released by the organization.

In papers also filed today, the couples and the members of the clergy are asking the court to block enforcement of the state bans on same-sex marriage and the performance of same-sex marriage ceremonies pending a resolution of the case — which they say is likely to end in their favor.

“In recent months, nine district courts have struck down restrictions on same-sex marriage, including courts in Michigan, Tennessee, Texas, Illinois, Virginia, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Ohio, and Utah,” they argue in those papers. “No courts have upheld such a ban.”

The case joins two other actions filed by the American Civil Liberties Union in federal courts here challenging the ban on same-sex marriage and asking the court to block its enforcement pending resolution of the claims asserted.

In Gerber v. Cooper, three same-sex couples married elsewhere are seeking state recognition of their marriages and have asked the court to block enforcement of the North Carolina ban pending resolution of their case because of the serious medical condition of one member of each couple.

And in Fisher-Borne v. Smith, couples who originally filed their case as a challenge to the state’s ban on second parent adoption but then later added a challenge to the ban on same-sex marriage are seeking similar preliminary relief.  A young child of one of the plaintiff couples there is being denied critical medical care because North Carolina neither recognizes his mothers’ marriage nor allows both mothers to adopt their child and establish a legal relationship.

 

 

Gay marriage 3It’s been less than two years since North Carolina officially enshrined discrimination in its constitution by passing the execrable Amendment One. Now, less than 24 months later, just as Speaker Thom Tillis famously/infamously predicted, the law seems fast on its way to obsolescence and, ultimately, the dustbin of history.

Yesterday, lawyers with the ACLU of North Carolina asked a federal court to block enforcement of the law on behalf of three same-sex couples seeking recognition of their marriages – a result that developments in other states makes increasingly plausible.

Now, today, new polling shows that a sizable majority of North Carolinians opposes the substance of the discrimination amendment. According to one of the nation’s most accurate polling shops, Raleigh-based Public Policy Polling, not only do 40% of voters (62% of young voters) favor total marriage equality, but:

“There is increasingly little division among voters in the state about whether gay couples should at least have some sort of legal rights in the form of civil unions. 62% support either marriage or civil unions for same sex couples to only 34% who think they should have no legal recognition at all. 68% of both Democrats and independents support at least civil unions, and even Republicans narrowly do by a 50/48 spread.”

The discrimination amendment, of course, bars even civil unions for same-sex couples. All in all, it’s hard to see how the amendment survives the decade — and maybe even the year. Stay tuned.

Lawyers with the American Civil Liberties Union and the ACLU of North Carolina Legal Foundation are ramping up the challenge to the state’s same-sex marriage ban, today filing a new complaint in federal court on behalf of three married, same-sex couples seeking state recognition of their marriages. Because of the serious medical condition of one member of each couple, they are asking the court to stop the state from enforcing the ban while their lawsuit continues, claiming that they will suffer irreparable harm otherwise.

The ACLU also sought similar relief on behalf of one of the couples in the case already pending in Greensboro, Fisher-Borne et al. v. Smith, who have a young child being denied critical medical care because North Carolina neither recognizes his mothers’ marriage nor allows both mothers to adopt their child and establish a legal relationship.

That couple, Megan Parker and Shana Carignan, have been in a committed relationship for six years and were legally married in Massachusetts in September 2012.  They have a 6-year-old boy with cerebral palsy, J.C., whom they first welcomed into their family as foster parents. Parker ultimately adopted the boy, and although both she and Carignan share equally in all of their parental responsibilities, only Parker is legally recognized as J.C.‘s parent because of North Carolina’s ban on same-sex marriage and its impact on adoptions.  

As a result, the couple is unable to obtain adequate  insurance to cover all of J.C.’s medical bills. As stated in their brief filed in court today:

J.C. has cerebral palsy, cannot walk and has limited ability to control his limbs or communicate verbally. Because of his condition, he requires constant and considerable care, and is at a critical point in his growth and development. Because he was adopted by Ms. Parker from foster care, J.C. is covered by Medicaid.  Ms. Parker is also covered under Medicaid because of a stroke that she had last year. Ms. Carignan is covered by Blue Cross Blue Shield through her employment. Under the North Carolina Health Insurance Premium Payment Program, the state would pay the premiums required for J.C. to receive secondary coverage for the expenses Medicaid does not cover through a legal parent‘s private insurance. However, because Ms. Carignan is not J.C.‘s legal parent, this state program is unavailable.

Parker and Carignan are already waiting for a decision in the Fisher-Borne case on the state’s request to dismiss their complaint.

That pending decision, the filing of the new case and the injunction sought today come at a time when more and more federal courts across the country are dismissing state same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional — including such a ruling in Virginia, now on appeal in the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond and scheduled for argument on May 13.

The complaint in the new case, Gerber v. Cooper, is here.

Same Sex Marriage Injunction NC by NC Policy Watch

 

The National Journal has this quick summary of where the fight for marriage equality stands across the country, along with an interactive map that highlights how the push to expand rights is predominating the landscape.

In a sign of changing times, the fight over marriage rights is now overwhelmingly being waged by activists who favor same-sex marriage, rather than those working to restrict marriage to heterosexual couples. A decade after 11 states passed constitutional bans on same-sex marriage thanks to a coordinated effort by supporters of President Bush to boost his numbers, only two states—Indiana and Wyoming—are currently pursuing limitations to the marriage rights of same-sex couples. Meanwhile, efforts are underway in 24 states to expand them.

In North Carolina, that push is playing out in federal court in Greensboro in Fisher-Borne v. Smith, the case in which several families who originally filed a complaint concerning second parent adoption have  added a challenge to the state’s voter-approved constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.