According to a new report released by the conservative Cato Institute, the “welfare system provides such a high level of benefits that it acts as a disincentive for work.” This so-called hidden prosperity of the poor theory just doesn’t stand up to reality.
The report’s findings should not be seriously considered by any policymaker, or anyone else, because there are several major flaws in the analysis. The authors incorrectly assume that a “typical” family qualifies for and receives assistance from all seven of the most common safety-net programs while non-working families get none. There are two crucial blunders with this methodology.
First, the authors greatly exaggerate the public benefits that most people living in poverty actually receive. To bolster their case, the authors assume that the “typical welfare family”—which they define as a single mother with two children—receives each of the following services: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), SNAP (formerly food stamps), WIC (a nutrition program for pregnant and postpartum women and young children), Medicaid, housing assistance, utilities assistance, and emergency food assistance. But this is simply not the case in North Carolina or anywhere else in the United States. The vast majority of poor people do not receive all the services they are eligible for, in part because there are not enough funds to allow that. Read More