When state lawmakers put together a budget proposal, they decide how to spend state dollars on the public investments that help children, families, and communities thrive. These are things like public education, public health and safety, and transportation services and programs. Lawmakers also allocate federal aid that is passed to the state in the form of block grants, with the details appearing in the budget bill as “Special Provisions.”
These federal dollars are an important tool for helping communities thrive but on their own are insufficient to make sure that state goals that benefit everyone are met. Critical state investments are needed to build a more inclusive economy. Yet in some instances, lawmakers shifted away from using federal aid to meet long-standing priorities such as affordable housing while failing to make sure that the state makes catalytic investment. In other cases such as early childhood education, the state recently began to swap out a portion of state funding for federal aid. Supplanting—rather than supplementing—state dollars is troubling when waiting lists and unmet needs persist.
Block grants have been around since the late 1960s and are a specific amount of funding to assist state governments in addressing broad policy goals and purposes—such as improving economic mobility and quality of live through social services, public health, and community economic development investments. The federal government sets general guidelines on how states can allocate the money while giving give states a great deal of flexibility in the use of the funds. In North Carolina, most of the block grant dollars are passed to the state’s 100 counties to administer the services and programs.
The Senate budget governs the use of federal block grants across the board but it is worth highlighting specific changes that signal a change in the reliance and allocation of federal funds. Read more